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Snowstorm & Thunderstorm Preparation Guides

Storms of all kinds can cause deadly threats and wipe out entire regions leaving hundreds of thousands of people stranded. Don't be one of them...learn how to prepare for snowstorms and thunderstorms with our storm preparedness guides.

Winter Snow Storm Preparedness Guide

Buy a survival kit and store at home along with:

  • Warm coats, gloves or mittens, hats, and water-resistant boots
  • Essential medications

Buy a survival kit and store in your car along with:

  • Warm coats, gloves or mittens, hats, and water-resistant boots
  • Essential medications

Stay tuned for storm warnings:

  • Listen to NOAA Weather Radio and your local radio and TV stations for updated storm information.
  • Know what winter storm WATCHES and WARNINGS mean
  • A winter STORM WATCH means a winter storm is possible in your area.
  • A winter STORM WARNING means a winter storm is headed for your area.
  • A BLIZZARD WARNING means strong winds, blind wind-driven snow, and dangerous wind chill are expected. Seek shelter immediately!

When a winter storm WATCH is issued:

  • Listen to NOAA Weather Radio, local radio and TV stations, or cable TV such as The Weather Channel for further updates.
  • Be alert to changing weather conditions.
  • Avoid unnecessary travel.

When a winter storm WARNING is issued:

  • Stay indoors during the storm.
  • If you must go outside, several layers of lightweight clothing will keep you warmer than a single heavy coat. Gloves (or mittens) and a hat will prevent loss of body heat. Cover your mouth to protect your lungs.
  • Understand the hazards of wind chill, which combines the cooling effect of wind and cold temperatures on exposed skin. As the wind increases, heat is carried away from a person's body at an accelerated rate, driving down the body temperature.
  • Walk carefully on snowy, icy sidewalks. After the storm, if you shovel snow, be extremely careful. It is physically strenuous work, so take frequent breaks, avoid overexertion.

Avoid traveling by car in a storm, but if you must:

  • Have emergency supplies in the trunk.
  • Keep you car's gas tank full for emergency use and to keep the fuel line from freezing.
  • Let someone know your destination, your route, and when you expect to arrive. If your car gets stuck along the way, help can be sent along your predetermined route

Thunderstorm Preparedness Guide

Before lightning strikes:

  • Keep an eye on the sky. Look for darkening skies, flushes of light, or increasing wind.
  • Listen for the sound of thunder.
  • If you can hear thunder, you are close enough to the storm to be struck by lightning.
  • Go to safe shelter immediately! Listen to NOAA Weather Radio, commercial radio, or television for the latest weather forecasts.

When a storm approaches:

  • Find shelter in a building or car.
  • Keep car windows closed and avoid convertibles
  • Telephone lines and metal pipes can conduct electricity.
  • Unplug appliances.
  • Avoid using the telephone or any electrical appliances.
  • Avoid taking a bath or shower, or running water for any other purpose.
  • Turn off the air conditioner.
  • Power surges from lightning can overload the compressor, resulting in a costly repair job!
  • Draw blinds and shades over windows.
  • If windows break due to objects blown by the wind, the shades will prevent glass from shattering into your home.

If caught outside:

  • If you are in the woods, take shelter under the shorter trees.
  • If you are boating or swimming, get to land and find shelter immediately!
  • Go to a low-lying, open place away from trees, poles, or metal objects.
  • Make sure the place you pick is not subject to flooding.
  • Be a very small target. Squat low to the ground. Place your hands on your knees with your head between them. Make yourself the smallest target possible. Do not lie flat on the ground-this will make you a larger target!

After the storm passes:

  • Stay away from storm-damaged areas.
  • Listen to the radio for information and instructions.

If someone is struck by lightning:

  • People struck by lightning carry no electrical charge and can be handled safely.
  • Call for help.
  • Get someone to dial 9-1-1 or your local Emergency Medical Services (EMS) number.
  • The injured person has received an electrical shock and may be burned, both where they were struck and where the electricity left their body. Check for burns in both places.
  • Give first aid. If breathing has stopped, begin rescue breathing. If the heart has stopped beating, a trained person should give CPR.

Learn first aid and CPR:

  • Take a Red Cross first aid and CPR course.
  • Call your local Red Cross chapter for class schedules and fees.

Plan and get ready: A thunderstorm is always accompanied by lightning. Thunderstorms are intense local storms averaging 20 miles across and reaching as high as 10 miles. Thunderstorms occur in all 50 states and all U.S. territories.

Be prepared by having various family members do the activities on the checklist below. Then get together to discuss and finalize your Family Disaster Plan. Pick a safe place in your home where family members can gather during a thunderstorm. This should be a place where there are no windows, skylights, or glass doors.

Location of safe place:____________________________

Discuss how you would know if a tornado is part of a thunderstorm. Does your community have a warning system? What other ways would you be notified of a tornado watch or warning?

How we would be warned:___________________________

Pick a safe place to be in your home in case of a tornado. The safe place you picked for a thunderstorm may not be the safest place to be during a tornado. If you hear a loud roar or hear a tornado warning, you need to go to the lowest floor of your home into a room where there are no windows or glass doors. (If you have a basement, make that your safe place to be for a tornado.)

Location of safe place to be in case of a tornado:________________

Show children how to practice squatting low to the ground to be the smallest target possible for lightning in case they get caught outside in a thunderstorm. Show them how to place their hands on their knees with their head between their knees.

Location of safe place to be in case of a tornado:________________

Assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit in a clearly labeled, easy-to-grab container.

Location of Disaster Supplies Kit:_____________________

Take an American Red Cross first aid course to learn how to treat burns and how to give rescue breathing and administer CPR.

Household member(s) trained in first aid:______________________
Certifications good through:_____________________ (date)