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Terrorism Preparedness

In this day an age, we must also have an emergency preparedness plan to protect ourselves against the threat of terrorists. If you want to learn what you can do to protect against a terrorist attack, then check out our terrorism preparedness guide.

Terrorism Preparedness Guide

What To Do Before A Terrorist Attack

In this section you can learn about different kinds of terrorist attacks and what can do to protect yourself before you are a victim of one. Find out which terrorism survival kits and supplies you need along with other important steps to take before a terrorist attack.

Learn About Terrorist Attacks

WHAT IS A TERRORIST ATTACK?

A terrorist attack is a surprise attack involving the deliberate use of violence against civilians in the hope of attaining political or religious aims.

WHAT ARE CHEMICAL WEAPONS?

Man-made agents (in gas or liquid form) which attacks the body’s nerves, blood, skin or lungs causing symptoms such as vomiting, blistering, loss of bodily control and in some cases death. A chemical attack can affect the contaminated area for several minutes or several days (depending on factors like the concentration of the agent, whether the attack is indoors or outdoors and the weather).

WHAT ARE BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS?

Harmful biological agents (such as a pathogenic microorganism or a neurotoxin) used as a weapon to cause death or disease usually on a large scale. Examples include a pathogenic attack which is capable of causing disease and neurotoxins which are an equally dangerous poisonous complex of protein that acts on the nervous system.

CHARACTERISTICS OF A NUCLEAR ATTACK

Blasts and shockwaves
The atmospheric air pressure surrounding a detonation can cause a blast or a shockwave, which can move at alarming speeds. Looking directly at the blast can cause temporary blindness, retinal burning and permanent eye damage. The blast can also kill those in its path, and a fallout shelter will not necessarily protect you against the terrific force of a blast.

Fire risk
The effect of the blast combined with the pulse of the nuclear weapon can result in the ignition of combustible materials, so fire is a high risk particularly in areas very close to the detonation.

Radiation
The initial radiation following the nuclear blast can prove particularly hazardous, especially to those in close proximity. This is the radiation that forms during the first minute following detonation. In addition to this, the electromagnetic radiation following the blast can damage or destroy electrical equipment, cables etc. Fallout is the often-radioactive particles stirred up by or resulting from a nuclear explosion and descending through the atmosphere. There are three main types of radiation, and these are:

  1. Alpha - The outer layers of the skin normally stop alpha radiation from doing any external or internal damage. However, high quantities of ingestion or inhalation can result in internal damage.
  2. Beta – Beta radiation can cause skin burns if contaminated particles make contact with the skin. This type of radiation can be quite penetrative.
  3. Gamma - Gamma radiation is the most dangerous of the three, and can cause extensive internal and external damage, destroying organs, skin, bones and blood. In large doses gamma radiation can cause serious illness and death.

Different Types Of Nuclear Attacks:

  • Fission Weapons
  • Boosted Fission Weapons
  • Thermonuclear Weapons
  • Enhanced Radiation Weapons
  • Salted Nuclear Weapons
  • Pure Fusion Weapons

How To Recognize Terrorist Attacks

RECOGNIZING A CHEMICAL ATTACK:

There are some fairly obvious indications that a chemical attack may be taking place. You may notice a strange smell in the air. You may notice people suffering from some of the symptoms of an attack (coughing, choking, gasping for air, suffering from pain in the eyes, falling unconscious, convulsing, etc.). You may start to suffer from some of these symptoms yourself. It may seem to be getting dark. You may notice a cloud of gas, hear an explosion, spot a crop duster where it shouldn't be, or something else unusual. You will hear about the attack via radio, TV or warning sirens.

RECOGNIZING A BIOLOGICAL ATTACK:

Depending on the nature of the biological attack, there's every chance that you will not notice anything unusual. If the attack is with anthrax (which doesn't transmit from person to person), then you may notice unusual activity like those described above. However, if the attack involves spreading a contagious disease, then the terrorists will probably use a subtle approach (like putting it in a water supply or simply releasing it quietly among the general population). In this scenario, it will probably be days or weeks later - when more and more people start to suffer the initial symptoms of the attack - before you realize that it happened. At this point it will be difficult to determine if you've been affected.

If you've any reason to suspect that you've been subject to a biological attack, follow the basic procedures described later in this book and seek immediate medical attention. Call your doctor or local hospital before visiting. This will prevent you spreading the disease to others - especially important medical staff. Follow whatever advice they give you on how to proceed.

Note: If you know that an attack has happened in your region, be on the lookout for flu-like symptoms. If you suffer these symptoms, call your doctor or local hospital immediately.

HOW TO PREPARE FOR A CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL ATTACK:

The worst-case scenario for a chemical or biological attack could be a situation where there is extensive spread of a contagious disease (that medical authorities aren't able to effectively treat) and where the continued spread of the disease is difficult to halt. In this case, you may find yourself confined to a secure shelter (either at home or elsewhere), avoiding all outside human contact until the 'all clear' is given.

Depending on the nature of the situation, this could be a question of days, weeks or - in an extreme, but unlikely, case - even months. To prepare yourself and your family for this type of situation, there are a number of steps you can take. By taking these steps now, you can ensure that yourself and your family can survive an extended crisis - even in the event of scarce access to water, food, communications, electricity, medical help, and so on.

Think about the places where your family spends time: school, work and other places you frequent. Ask about their emergency plans. Find out how they will communicate with families during an emergency. If they do not have an emergency plan, consider helping develop one.

Terrorism Survival Kits For The Home

4 Person Home Survival Kit

Our 4 Person Deluxe Home Survival Kit supports 4 people for 3 days. It includes all the critical emergency food, water, shelter, sanitation, first aid, lighting, and communication supplies necessary for surviving after a terrorist attack. Also, remember to customize your home preparedness kit by including other recommended items. After a terrorist attack, stores will be closed! Running water and electricity will be unavailable! Your home may be unsafe to occupy! You need to be self-sufficient.

TerrorKare Accessory Kit

We also recommend the TerrorKare Accessory Kit which has been specially designed to enhance the home kit with military-grade supplies to provide protection from nuclear, chemical, and biological terrorist attacks.

Hygiene Accessory Kit

Another recommended kit we provide for your family is our Family Hygiene Kit. It includes the necessary sanitation and hygiene your family would need following a terrorist attack. Remember, at that time, there will probably be a severe shortage of water. These supplies allow you to remain hygienic following a terrorist attack without the need for running water. Remember, it is important to avoid spreading or being exposed to dangerous bacteria during a time of already great emergency.

Emergency Pet Kits and Supplies

And don't forget about your pets they will have needs too after an earthquake. They will be hungry, thirsty, and potentially in danger just like you. That is why we have developed Pet Survival Kits which contain specially manufactured emergency pet food and water along with many other supplies which could save the your furry friends.

Terrorism Survival Kits For The Office

5 Person Office Survival Kit

Our 5 Person Deluxe Office Survival Kit supports 5 people for 3 days. It includes all the critical emergency food, water, shelter, sanitation, first aid, lighting, and communication supplies necessary for surviving at work after a terrorist attack. After a terrorist attack, stores will be closed and roads may be unavailable! You may need to survive at work without water, food, or shelter - be prepared today.

TerrorKare Accessory Kit

We also recommend the TerrorKare Accessory Kit which has been specially designed to enhance the home kit with military-grade supplies to provide protection from nuclear, chemical, and biological terrorist attacks.

Personal Survival Kit at Work

Our 1 Person Office Survival Kit supports 1 person for 3 days. It includes all the emergency food, water, shelter, first aid, lighting, and communication supplies necessary for surviving at work after a terrorist attack. Remember, after an attack, employees may need to evacuate the buildings. That is why this kit is small and easily portable. Your business has the obligation to ensure that it has adequate terrorism preparedness supplies for all of its employees. The is no better way to prepare your office for a terrorist attack than to ensure that each employee has its own personal office survival kit.

Terrorism Survival Kits For The School

Classroom Safety Backpack Survival Kit

Our Classroom Safety Backpack Survival Kit is recommended for each classroom as it contains all the emergency food, water, shelter, first aid, lighting, and communication supplies necessary for school terrorism preparedness. Your school has the obligation to ensure that students have adequate terrorism preparedness supplies and this school survival kit is a great way to protect each of your students classrooms.

TerrorKare Accessory Kit

We also recommend the TerrorKare Accessory Kit which has been specially designed to enhance the home kit with military-grade supplies to provide protection from nuclear, chemical, and biological terrorist attacks.

Economy Student Survival Kit

Our 1 Person Office Survival Kit supports 1 person for 3 days. It includes all the emergency food, water, shelter, first aid, lighting, and communication supplies necessary for surviving at school after a major terrorist attack. Remember, after an attack, students and faculty may need to evacuate the buildings and travel by foot to a safe location. That is why this kit is recommended for each student and faculty member as it is small and easily portable. Your school has the obligation to ensure that it has adequate terrorism preparedness supplies for all of its students. The is no better way to prepare your office for a terrorist attack than to ensure that each student has its own personal office survival kit.

Terrorism Survival Kits For The Car

4 Person Car Survival Kit

Our 4 Person Deluxe Car Survival Kit supports 4 people for 3 days. It includes all the critical emergency food, water, shelter, sanitation, first aid, lighting, and communication supplies necessary for surviving after a terrorist attack. After a terrorist attack, stores will be closed and roads may be unavailable! You may need to travel by foot to a safe location and carry the necessary survival supplies with you.

Terrorism Survival Accessory Kit

We also recommend the TerrorKare Accessory Kit which has been specially designed to enhance the home kit with military-grade supplies to provide protection from nuclear, chemical, and biological terrorist attacks.

Preparing and Using Fallout Shelters

The effects of a radioactive blast can linger at least for a while so you will need to prepare somewhere that will house your family for as long as is necessary. Many people prepare their basements as a backup in this event, whereas others will buy indoor or outdoor constructed shelters.

Whichever type of shelter you decide to go for, you need to make sure that it is appropriately equipped. You will need food and water that should be stored in your shelter ready for when you may have to use it. Blankets and bedding are also important, as you may need to keep warm. And it’s a good idea to keep some books or games down there to help keep your minds off it and alleviate the fear and frustration.

You should bear in mind that you may lose power, so if you plan to have a radio in order to keep yourself updated you should ensure a stock of batteries is available for this as well. The time it takes to get to your shelter must also be taken in to consideration – you will need to get to your shelter as soon as you can so make sure that it is easily accessible by everyone. You might even want to do a drill every so often to time how long it takes and bring that time down to a minimum. This may seem extreme, but it could end up saving your life.

You should also think carefully about other items, which you may need in your shelter. Many shelters that are on the market provide a range of facilities such as a chemical toilet, artificial light, safe ventilation, makeshift furnishings and radiation detectors. If you plan to make up your own shelter, make sure that you have as many of these items as possible available, as well as a fully stocked first aid kit in case of emergencies. Also, if any of your family takes regular medication, ensure that there is a stock of it available in your shelter. You should also keep some iodine in your shelter, as this can protect the thyroid from radiation as well as purify water.

Fallout shelters are designed to protect against the fallout following a nuclear explosion – they will not protect against a direct hit from the blast. Therefore, if you live very near to a high profile government building or anywhere else that could be considered a target for a nuclear weapon your fallout shelter may be of very little use. However, if you live in an area in which you are more likely to need shielding from radiation in the air, then your fallout shelter may prove more effective.

Having water in airtight containers, ration food bars, blankets, toilet facilities and some form of heating and ventilation. Remember, if you are using a fallout shelter you may be spending several weeks or more imprisoned in it and you must therefore ensure that your basic needs will be catered for. Fallout shelters can prove useful and can help to provide protection for your family, but you need to take some responsibility in ensuring that they are safe and fully stocked, particularly if you have built your own shelter. You will need to ensure that you have ventilation as well as other basic needs such as water, food and heat. However, if you feel that your home is close to the target of a nuclear weapon then your best bet is to get away from there before you become a victim of the blast as your fallout shelter will not provide you with protection in this instance.

About Emergency Lighting and Communication

EMERGENCY LIGHTING
A common problem after an attack is finding your flashlight. Be sure all family members have a flashlight near their bed. An extremely valuable light source is the automatic power failure light. They plug into a wall socket. If the power fails, they automatically turn on.

Carefully consider your family needs. Emergency lighting is critical for rescue and evacuation at night.

DO NOT use matches or candles if there is any possibility of a gas leak, especially right after the attack.

Also recommended is a Portable Electric Generator (plus fuel): If you purchase one that runs on regular automotive gasoline, you can use the gasoline from your car's tank to run your generator. A siphon hose should be stored with the generator. Purchase a generator with sufficient power for your needs. A 200-watt light bulb will light a camp well enough to read by. Creating hot or cold requires large amounts of electricity. Appliances require a high wattage generator.

EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS
If a crisis situation occurs, you need to know what is happening around you to help you plan. The minimum you need is an AM/FM radio. A radio capable of receiving short-wave bands is recommended.

Of course, a mobile phone can be indispensable in this kind of situation. A CB radio can also be useful in a long-term survival situation. A police scanner can be useful to stay abreast of the developing situation.

What To Do During A Terrorist Attack

Do you know what to do during a terrorist attack? It's definitely something to include in your emergency preparedness plan. Learn about what actions you can take to increase your chances of survival if a terrorist attack happens in your area.

What To Do During A Chemical Terrorist Attack

These are the things you should do once you become aware that you need to protect yourself from a toxic gas chemical attack:

  • If you're in a building and the attack occurs inside the building then head for the nearest exit.
  • If you're in a building and the attack occurs outdoors, don't attempt to exit - just follow the rules below.
  • If you’re outside and the attack is outside, immediately enter a house or building and follow the rules below.
  • If there's no safe building nearby, try to determine the direction of the wind and move cross-wind. If you move down-wind you risk remaining exposed to the gas for a longer time. If you move up-wind you risk entering a more dense cloud of the gas. By moving cross-wind you have the greatest chance of getting out of the cloud quickly because the gas will move with the wind along a relatively narrow line.
  • If you’re in your car stay inside and attempt to drive away from the cloud (again cross-wind if possible). Finally, avoid moving to low areas as the gas may become trapped there.
  • If you're indoors, move to a room that’s as far away from the source of the gas emission as possible. Upstairs is better than downstairs because these gases tend to be heavier than air so they remain close to the ground.
  • Shut and lock all doors and windows. Turn off air-conditioners, heaters, ventilation systems, all electrical appliances, and close all water and gas taps. Seal ventilators with tape, and preferably do the same around the doors and windows. If possible, place damp towels at the bottom of doors.
  • Tune in to a local radio station that is broadcasting official emergency information.
  • Cooperate with official instructions and stay put until you’re given the all clear by an official authority (don't rely solely on media reports, unless they are delivered by appropriate authorities). Be prepared to evacuate if given the official order to do so.

The points above apply mainly to the event of a gas attack or an attack involving the rapid spread of a non-contagious biological agent like anthrax. In most circumstances, as we've already seen, the consequences of a biological attack will only begin to show up days or weeks after the attack itself.

What To Do During A Biological Terrorist Attack

In the event that you become aware of a biological attack having taken place, then you should follow these steps:

  • Go indoors immediately. Try to seal off a safe room to shelter in.
  • Try to minimize contact with other people.
  • Do the same things you would do to prevent the spread of colds and flues: wash your hands often, avoid close proximity to an infected (or potentially infected) person, wash surfaces and clothing that an infected person may have touched and avoid touching your eyes. These simple hygiene practices will do wonders to decrease your chances of infection and are very effective at halting the spread of contagious diseases.
  • Try to get information on how contagious the disease is, and how far it has spread. Listen to your radio and try contacting you local emergency coordinator's office Follow any advice you're given by the authorities and the medical profession.
  • If your family members are in different places you will need to use your judgment on how to proceed. If they are in a safe environment in their workplace or school, then leave them there until the situation is normalized. If you have to go outside to pick up members of your family, and you don't have protective gear, then wear a damp cloth over your mouth and nose as a minimum first line of defense. Bear in mind, any member of your family could be infected and bring the disease home with them.
  • Tune in to a local radio station that is broadcasting official emergency information. Avoid using the telephone. It should be used for emergency calls only.
  • Be prepared to evacuate if given the official order to do so.
    At this point, it depends largely on the nature and extent of the problem. In a worst case scenario, you may find yourself 'trapped' in your home for a considerable period of time.
    Try your best to be prepared for this possibility.
  • If you have a baby or a young infant, don't struggle to make him/her put on a gas mask. Strive instead, to get both yourself and the child to a safe place as quickly as possible. If possible, hold a wet t-shirt over his/her mouth and nose.
  • You should discuss all the points on this page with your family, with your child's school, and with your work colleagues to ensure that no matter where you and your family are, you're all in a good position to protect yourselves in the event of any kind of attack.
  • The National Institute for Chemical Studies has prepared a document on preparing an emergency.
  • You should also visit your local hospital and find out how well prepared they are to cope with an emergency. A recent study along the east coast by the Journal of the American Public Health Association revealed that only 20% of hospitals had adequate emergency plans.

It is worth noting, that the chances of a crisis escalating to the point where you'll need to spend several months in a survival situation are very slim. However, a crisis that continues for several days or even weeks is possible. For that reason, it is worth making some preparations in advance. It will put your mind at ease and, if a worst case scenario were ever to develop, you'll greatly increase you and your family's chances of surviving.

What To Do During A Nuclear Terrorist Attack

THE INITIAL BLAST

The blast from a nuclear explosion can cause injury and death, and the nearer you are to the blast the higher the risk. You will need to shield yourself and your family from the force of the explosion as well as from the heat and radiation that is being emitted. There are a number of places that you can use to shelter in such as a basement, in the car or under furniture. If you are actually out and about, you should seek shelter in a ditch or behind a hill. It is important to keep the time that you are exposed to the dangers of a blast to a minimum, so you should look for appropriate shelter as quickly as possible.

AFTER THE BLAST

It is important to have some sort of fallout shelter in mind as this is what will protect you against the hazards of contamination. You will need to find shelter that is as far as possible from the blast and also look for shelter that is upwind from the blast. You should ensure that the shelter that you have in mind also has food and water that is uncontaminated (such as bottled water and tins of food that will last for a while). You may need to stay away for a long period of time depending on the extent and severity of the contamination.

SURVIVING A NUCLEAR ATTACK ON A MAJOR CITY:

There are some important basic guidelines that need to be followed in the event of a nuclear attack wherever you live. However, if you are in a major city then you need to consider some additional points. Firstly, you should consider your location. If you live close to a place that could be considered a primary target (e.g. a government building) then a shelter is unlikely to protect you against the blast of an attack because you will be too close. You should therefore make plans for evacuation and you need to ensure that you find out what type of warning system the city operates in order to ensure that you can evacuate as soon as is necessary.

You will also need to find out where you can go – perhaps to a friend or relation or maybe to a communal shelter within the city. Again, you should check whether there are any buildings that officials plan to use as makeshift shelters in the event of an emergency. If you do not live all that close to a primary target but you still live in a major city, then you should consider a shelter or at least a room that you can use as a shelter. Many major cities consist of tall apartment blocks, which mean that you will not have a basement of your own to use as a shelter. In this case you should speak to the building manager for advice on which room should be designated as a shelter should the need arise.

If you do have your own home in the city rather than an apartment in a block then you may find that you will need to take shelter there for a while following a nuclear attack. You should never assume that you will be evacuated – the sheer number of people living and working in the city could mean that the streets become too jammed to effectively evacuate. And if you are going to be holed up in a shelter within your home for a while you will need to ensure that you have adequate stocks of basic survival products such as sealed water bottles, tinned food, first aid, medication and blankets for warmth.

If you are out and about in the city when a nuclear attack occurs, you should literally dive for cover and do not look up at the blast as this could blind you. Find a ditch; run to the nearest building – anywhere that you might be able to find shelter as low down as possible. If you are in a car, you should wind down the windows to avoid the possible injury from breaking glass and get down on to the floor of the vehicle, shielding your face and eyes at all times.

What To Do After A Terrorist Attack

If you have been fortunate enough to survive a terrorist attack, you still won't be out of the clear yet. The days after an attack can be the most difficult to survive due to all the dangers that lurk. Find out what you need to be aware of.

Dealing With The Aftermath Of A Terrorist Attack

Depending on the situation, the government will decide what can be done after experiencing a terrorist attack. We recommend that you listen to the radio for any instructions the government may give you.

An experience like this can be quite different for any one. We recommend that you seek counseling through your place of worship and other means, which may not be provided by your government. It is also recommended that you seek emotional support through your family and friends. Try to continue life as it was before the attack.